World AIDS Day
World AIDS Day, that has been selected per annum since one December 1988, is a global day designed to boost awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the unfold of HIV infection and to mourn the deaths of the malady. nonheritable immunological disorder virus (AIDS) may be a serious condition caused by the human immunological disorder virus (HIV). The HIV virus attacks a patient’s system and reduces its resistance to alternative diseases. Government and health officers, NGOs and people round the world follow the day, usually by coaching for AIDS hindrance and management.
World AIDS Day is one in every of the eleven official international public health campaigns marked by the globe Health Organization (WHO) at the side of World Health Day, World Blood Donation Day, World immunisation Week, World infectious disease Day, World No Tobacco Day, World protozoal infection Day. , World liver disease Day, World Antimicrobial Awareness Week, World Patient Safety Day and Chagas malady Day.
Since 2017, AIDS has killed twenty eight.9 to 41.5 million individuals worldwide, associated an calculable thirty six.7 million individuals tolerate HIV, one in every of the foremost vital international public health issues in history. due to recent enhancements in antiretroviral treatment, the AIDS epidemic deathrate in several elements of the globe has fallen from a peak in 2005 (one million in 2016, compared with one.9 million in 2005).
World AIDS Day 2020
The world has created vital progress since the late Nineties, however HIV remains a serious world public health issue. Like several different major health issues, it faces new challenges on the COVID-19 pandemic.
HIV hindrance, testing, treatment and care services square measure all noncontinuous, particularly in countries with sensitive health systems. The breakdown of key HIV services caused by COVID-19 threatens human lives. If the availability of those services slows down, several vulnerable populations are at larger risk of deaths associated with HIV infection and AIDS. even so, health care professionals and community representatives can do their utmost to continue services and adopt innovative ways that to combat service disruptions caused by COVID-19.
On one Gregorian calendar month, the World Health Organization can unite its partners, respecting all HIV service suppliers and urging world leaders and voters to unite “global solidarity” to sustain necessary HIV services in COVID nineteen and on the far side. it’s a decision to specialise in vulnerable teams that square measure already in danger and to increase coverage to youngsters and kids. And in 2020, the International Year of the Nurse and accoucheuse, we have a tendency to require the protection and support of those health care staff, World Health Organization have long been at the forefront of HIV services. we will all contribute to efforts to prevent AIDS and create the globe a healthier place.
World AIDS Day 2020 Theme
In 1990, HIV destroyed San Francisco, thousands of people were diagnosed and hundreds of people died each year due to a lack of effective treatment. In the same year, the rapid spread of HIV to sub-Saharan Africa was alarmingly evident, and life expectancy declined thereafter. In 1990, many scientific experts wondered if HIV could ever be tackled effectively, and they predicted a future in which the spiral of HIV infections would continue to rise.
At a time of extreme danger, with little hope in sight, researchers and HIV patients face political and public health leaders as one front in San Francisco and demand responses to an inadequate response to a rapidly growing pandemic. In 1990 in a time of profound danger and uncertainty increase in solidarity and commitment in AIDS forced the world to see the reality of what happened to people who were ignored and died of AIDS-related causes, and pressured leaders to take action.
Since then, over the past three decades, the resilience of the HIV community has been repeatedly tested. In the face of a new health threat, communities around the world created organizations to treat the sick, work to prevent new HIV infections, and advocated broader efforts to combat the disease. In the face of a seemingly hopeless scientific and humanitarian challenge, researchers and activists joined forces to accelerate the development of breakthrough and biomedical prevention tools.
AIDS Day 2020 Theme
Every year, World AIDS Day is celebrated with a specific theme in mind. By 2020, the theme is “Ending the HIV / AIDS epidemic: resilience and impact”.
In 1986, India discovered the first acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). As we celebrate World AIDS Day on 1 December, combating the stigma around it and focusing on caring for and supporting people already living with the disease is also crucial to raising awareness and connecting people around the world to fight health problems.
During an interview with Hindustan Times, Dr. Ranjana Becon, a gynecologist at Ghaziabadi Columbia Asia Hospital, said: unprotected sexual intercourse or the mother of an infected mother during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
Symptoms of HIV
Some individuals don’t have symptoms for the primary time with the human immunological disorder virus. Others have flu-like symptoms throughout the primary 2 to four weeks. These symptoms throughout the acute part might include:
- Night sweats
In latent (dormant) individuals might haven’t any symptoms in any respect. The median time that individuals are often dormant before AIDS develops is 7-10 years.
The symptoms of the ultimate stage of HIV – nonheritable Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) – vary from patient to patient. Some typical symptoms include:
- Swollen humour nodes
- Weight loss
- Short-term memory loss
- Frequent yeast infections
- Permanent rash
- One or additional expedient infections, such as:
- Bacterial respiratory disorder
- Valley fever
- Respiratory and tissue layer monilia disease
- Encephalitis (infection of the brain)
- Herpes simplex virus
- Kaposi’s skin sarcoma and internal organs
- Diarrhea from many bacterium and parasites
Causes and diagnoses of HIV
HIV will be transmitted from one infected person to a different through blood, semen, canal secretions, body part fluids and breast milk. Studies have shown that HIV can’t be transmitted through spittle, sweat, tears, piddle and feces.
You can become infected with HIV in one in all the subsequent ways:
- Any unprotected sex
- Needle sharing
- At birth or breastfeeding
- Accidental blood contact
HIV isn’t unfold through blood transfusions within the u. s.. Also, HIV can’t be unfold through accidental contact, insect bites, pool or hot tubs, rest room seats, glasses or utensils being shared or kissed.
Preventing the unfold of HIV
Take these steps to safeguard yourself and your fair-haired ones from HIV infection:
Get tested. grasp the HIV standing of you and every one your sexual partners.
Practice sex. forever use a prophylactic or braces if you have got canal, anal or perversion.
Test and treat for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The presence of sexually transmitted diseases might increase the danger of HIV infection or transmission.
Do not inject medicines. ne’er share needles or use used needles.
Take special care if you’re pregnant. visit your doctor regarding taking antiretroviral medical aid (ART) and your child’s ART. Use formula rather than breast-feeding.
Diagnosis of HIV
The Centers for malady management recommends that everybody between the ages of thirteen and sixty four be tested for HIV a minimum of once as a part of their routine health care.
If you’re thinking that you will are exposed to HIV, it’s going to take up to six to twelve weeks once the exposure to develop antibodies to the take a look at. though you’ll be able to take a look at a couple of weeks once exposure, you may ought to take a look at once more 3 months once the expected exposure to verify the results. In those that square measure severely disorder by chronic diseases, it will take up to 6 months for antibodies to make, indicating the presence of HIV.
AIDS is diagnosed once someone’s T cell (CD4) count has born below two hundred per cubic millimetre of blood. in an exceedingly healthy person, the quantity of T cells is nearer to five hundred and 1600 per cubic millimetre of blood. AIDS can even be diagnosed if somebody has one or additional opportunist infections.
There square measure 3 main kinds of HIV tests:
Antibody Test: This take a look at measures the number of HIV antibodies in your blood or oral fluid. this may be done reception or as a fast take a look at within the clinic. A positive result needs follow-up.
Combined (fourth generation) to look at: this test property for each antibody and antigen (part of the virus).
Nucleic Acid Test: This looks at the plague or infectious load (viral load) in a highly blood sample. This can be a fashionable possibility that’s not usually used as a screening tool.
HIV cannot be treated, but antiretroviral therapy (ART) can help people living with HIV to live long and healthy lives.
ART includes four different groups of medicines that prevent HIV from multiplying in the patient’s body. ART does not rid the body of the virus, but prevents the virus from further damaging the immune system. In some cases, ART can even reverse the damage done.
The best results are obtained when testing and starting treatment as soon as possible.