Assessment of weight and health risk involves using three key measures:

  1. Body mass index (BMI)
  2. Waist circumference
  3. Risk factors for diseases and conditions associated with obesity

Body Mass Index (BMI)
BMI may be a useful measure of overweight and obesity. it’s calculated from your height and weight. BMI is an estimate of body fat and an honest gauge of your risk for diseases which will occur with more body fat. the upper your BMI, the upper your risk surely diseases like heart condition, high vital sign , type 2 diabetes, gallstones, breathing problems, and certain cancers.

Although BMI can be used for most men and women, it does have some limits:

It may overestimate body fat in athletes and others who have a muscular build.
It may underestimate body fat in older persons and others who have lost muscle.

Use the BMI Calculator or BMI Tables to estimate your body fat. The BMI score means the following:

 BMI
UnderweightBelow 18.5
Normal18.5–24.9
Overweight25.0–29.9
Obesity30.0 and Above

Waist Circumference
Measuring waist circumference helps screen for possible health risks that accompany overweight and obesity. If most of your fat is around your waist instead of at your hips, you’re at a better risk for heart condition and sort 2 diabetes. This risk goes up with a waist size that’s greater than 35 inches for ladies or greater than 40 inches for men. to properly measure your waist, stand and place a tape around your middle, just above your hipbones. Measure your waist just after you exhale .

The table Risks of Obesity-Associated Diseases by BMI and Waist Circumference provides you with a thought of whether your BMI combined together with your waist circumference increases your risk for developing obesity-associated diseases or conditions.

Risk Factors for Health Topics Associated With Obesity

Along with being overweight or obese, the following conditions will put you at greater risk for heart disease and other conditions:

Risk Factors

  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • High LDL cholesterol (“bad” cholesterol)
  • Low HDL cholesterol (“good” cholesterol)
  • High triglycerides
  • High blood glucose (sugar)
  • Family history of premature heart disease
  • Physical inactivity
  • Cigarette smoking

For people that are considered obese (BMI greater than or adequate to 30) or those that are overweight (BMI of 25 to 29.9) and have two or more risk factors, it’s recommended that you simply reduce. Even alittle weight loss (between 5 and 10 percent of your current weight) will help lower your risk of developing diseases related to obesity. people that are overweight, don’t have a high waist measurement, and have fewer than two risk factors may have to stop further weight gain instead of reduce .

Talk to your doctor to ascertain whether you’re at an increased risk and whether you ought to reduce . Your doctor will evaluate your BMI, waist measurement, and other risk factors for heart condition .

The good news is even a little weight loss (between 5 and 10 percent of your current weight) will help lower your risk of developing those diseases.