London has once again been declared the smartest city in the world according to the 17th edition of the IESE Cities in Motion Index 2020. New York is 2nd, accompanied by Paris.
The annual index, prepared by the IESE Center for Globalization and Strategy and co-authored with Professors Pasqual Berrone and Joan Enric Ricard, analyzes the development of one hundred seventy four cities around the world on nine dimensions that are considered key to truly smart and sustainable cities. These are economics, environment, governance, human capital, international design, mobility and transport, social cohesion, technology and urban planning. There is also an interactive map where readers can see how different cities around the world compare.
The smartest cities: top ten
No. 10: Hong Kong
The top ten list includes one of the most influential cities in Southeast Asia: Hong Kong. This major port and global financial center achieves top marks in technology, ranking first in the world in this regard. Initiatives such as the Hong Kong Smart City Blueprint project seek to harness innovation and technology to address issues such as city governance and quality of life. He is also good for international projection, finishing in fourth place. Notably, Hong Kong has also climbed an impressive 17 spots since 2017 in the overall index. However, given the current political and social unrest in the city, it is not surprising that the worst scores are achieved in terms of social cohesion, where it reaches 111.
No. 9: Singapore
On the 9th place is the city-state of Singapore. As the first city in the world to launch a driverless taxi system (with plans to launch similar buses by 2022), it comes as no surprise that this innovative city ranks second in technology. It also grades 3rd in the international projection attribute and 7th in the environs. The lowest rates for mobility and transport (55.)
No. 8: Amsterdam
Amsterdam is in 8th place in the ranking. Top marks for international reputation (5), reflecting its strong international reputation and attractiveness as a tourist destination, as well as mobility and transport (11.) Is this the weakest point? That would be social cohesion (50.)
No. 7: Berlin
Berlin ranks first in the ranking among German cities, taking 7th place. The best indicators for mobility and transport (4), human capital (5) and international forecasts (9.) In contrast, the areas where the most opportunities for improvement are the economy (59) and the environment (42.)
No. 6: Copenhagen
The Danish capital is particularly good at caring for the environment, ranking second in this respect due to its low levels of pollution and contamination. It is also good for governance (7.) The weakest point is urban planning, where it is ranked 81st.
No. 5: Reykjavik
No. 5 is Reykjavik, which is also the city with the best environmental performance. It ranks first in this dimension due to the fact that it is a city with 100% renewable sources of hydro and geothermal energy, as well as a world leader in energy conservation and smart solutions. The next best indicator is social cohesion (14). Urban planning has the worst performance (where it is at the bottom of the ranking with 125), followed by economics (86). No 4: Tokio
Tokyo is that the highest town within the Asia Pacific region. Occupying the fourth place within the general classification, it obtains higher ends up in the scale of the economy (third), followed by the setting (sixth) and human capital (ninth). Its weakest performance is for social cohesion (74). However, as a town with tidy technological influence on the world stage, a positive development has been however Tokyo’s idea of a wise town has shifted in recent years towards the social dimension. for instance, with initiatives that ask for to handle problems like the aging of the country’s population.
No 3: Paris
As one of the most traveller destinations worldwide, Paris stands out for its international projection and ranks second during this dimension. It additionally stands get into the scale of quality and transport (2) and human capital (6), that analyzes the capability of a town to draw in, nurture and develop talent. Its worst performance may be seen within the dimensions of social cohesion (74) and setting (48).
No.2: big apple
New York crests the charts for its economy (an region wherever 9 of the highest 10 positions attend U.S.A. cities), Urban coming up with (six of the highest 10 square measure North American), and quality and transportation. Its nice Achilles heel continues to be social cohesion, with one in all the worst performances within the world in this dimension (position 151).
No 1: London
London, habitation to additional commences and coders than nearly the other town within the world, has dead smart within the yearly index, grading initial as of 2017.
London’s # one ranking is thanks to its being well placed in virtually each dimension: it ranks initial in human capital and international stretch, second in governance and concrete coming up with, and is within the high ten in quality dimensions and transportation. and Technology. Its unfittest operation may be assured within the attributes of social cohesion (64 °) and geographical region (35 °).
also read List of Smart Cities in World
How the world’s cities compare
If we glance outside of the highest 10, it’s clear that European cities still dominate the ranking, with twenty seven within the high fifty. These choose cluster additionally includes fourteen cities in North America, 5 in Asia, and 4 in Oceania.
Other notable cities embrace Bale (21st overall), that ranks initial in social cohesion, due to its fairly even financial gain distribution, low rates of state, crime, and killing. during this dimension, key to the standard of lifetime of voters, seven of the highest ten square measure European and three of them Swiss.
Another distinguished space in Switzerland is urban governance: Berne (31st overall) is in initial place.
Aside from Hong Kong, the most drivers since 2017 embrace Vancouver, that has up eighteen spots to forty four, thanks in the main to the economic progress of the Canadian town. Elsewhere within the high fifty, city (36th) climbs a formidable twelve places thanks to its increased efforts in international projection and human capital development. more down the list, the foremost meteoric rise is seen in Vilno (65th), that rises twenty four places thanks in the main to the expansion of its GDP in recent years.
By distinction, capital of Romania drops twenty nine spots to 103 within the ranking, whereas city drops twenty three spots to sixty three. among the elite high fifty, Melbourne drops sixteen spots, dropping to thirty seven, whereas city drops twelve to fifty. each Melbourne and city square measure adjudged back by their recent international dimension and human capital accounts.
And currently what happens to cities when Covid-19?
With cities notably stricken by the Covid-19 pandemic, this latest edition of the index comes at associate degree unsure time for several town planners and directors. Thus, Professors Pascual Berrone and Joan Enric Ricard warn that Covid-19 ought to force a rethink of urban life and techniques. Through their analysis for the latter index, they over that increasing the resilience of cities is crucial. for instance, partly through public-private partnerships and increasing urban-rural linkages, as delineate here. Doing so, they say, can facilitate make sure that we’ve sensible, property cities that square measure higher ready for future crises.